For buildings, transportation, manufacturing, and agriculture
Heating/cooling, transportation, manufacturing, and agriculture are all major energy consumers, and are therefore potential areas for conservation. Projects could focus on such things as: energy sources, energy storage, natural sheltering, alternative energy vehicles, etc. A Biosphere Eco-City might also promote manufacturing processes that
save energy or provide energy for other uses (e.g. district heating systems). In rural areas, agricultural projects might focus on conservation (e.g. low energy cropping systems) or supply (e.g. generation of bio-gas).