Processing of wastes, recycling, efficient design, conversion to energy
In urban areas, efficient processing and reduction of waste will reduce the amount of land needed for dump sites. One component of this is recycling, which reduces energy and materials use while providing local employment. In rural areas, training in the use and storage of farm chemicals can reduce groundwater contamination and protect the health of farmers.
Another way to reduce waste is through re-design of equipment or re-structuring of manufacturing processes, and business partners in an Eco-City can provide leadership in these areas. Projects focused on the recycling of parts can include products used in the home, office, or industrial plant.
Plasma technology may soon provide a reliable electricity supply through the very high temperature conversion of waste to energy.